HIV Prevention Program
Perinatal HIV Transmission Prevention
The transmission of HIV from mother to child during pregnancy, labor and delivery, or breastfeeding is called perinatal transmission. It is the most common way children become infected with HIV. Perinatal HIV transmission can be reduced to less than 2% (fewer than 2 in 100) if women know their HIV status and receive appropriate medical interventions.
The Georgia Perinatal HIV Prevention Program is a CDC funded initiative aimed at maximally reducing mother to child HIV transmission in all Georgia born infants. The program conducts social marketing campaigns that serve to increase the level of awareness, among pregnant women and women of childbearing age, on the importance of HIV testing. The program provides education and training to public and private health care providers regarding the importance of HIV testing in compliance with the Georgia HIV Pregnancy Screening Act of 2007, and providing appropriate HIV care and treatment to pregnant women and children infected/affected by HIV/AIDS. The progress of the reduction of perinatal HIV transmission is tracked by the
Enhanced Perinatal HIV Surveillance Program.
The “Georgia HIV Pregnancy Screening Act of 2007,”
House Bill 429, requires every physician and health care provider who assumes responsibility for the prenatal care of a pregnant woman during gestation and at delivery to test them for HIV infection except in cases where the woman refuses the testing.
Healthcare providers are encouraged to report all infants born to HIV/AIDS infected mothers as pediatric HIV exposures, through
HIV and AIDS Case Reporting.
For more information, make a free, confidential call to 1-800-551-2728, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. For HIV testing sites and maternal services information call 1-800-822-2539.
Contact: Perinatal HIV Prevention Program Coordinator, (404) 657-2927
Georgia HIV Pregnancy Screening Act of 2007
CDC. One Test. Two Lives.
CDC. Revised recommendations for HIV testing of adults, adolescents, and pregnant women in health-care settings.
CDC. Rapid HIV-1 Antibody Testing during Labor and Delivery. A Practical Guide and Model Protocol.
Rapid HIV Testing. Protocol guide for labor and delivery.
& References for HIV Rapid Testing in Labor & Delivery
Perinatal HIV Guidelines Working Group. Public Health Service Task Force. DHHS Recommendations for Use of Antiretroviral Drugs in Pregnant HIV-Infected Women for Maternal Health and Interventions to Reduce Perinatal HIV Transmission in the United States.
Antiretroviral Pregnancy Registry
CDC. Mother-to-Child (Perinatal) HIV Transmission and Prevention.
CDC. Pregnancy and Childbirth.
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) Testing and Treatment
Georgia Academy of Family Physicians (GAFP) CME: “HIV and Pregnancy”
American Academy of Pediatrics
AIDS Education and Training Center (AETC)
Southeast AIDS Training and Education Center
Health Research & Educational Training (HRET)
Healthy Mothers, Healthy Babies. Powerline.
Maternal and Child Health Program
Francois-Xavier Bagnoud Center
Enhanced Perinatal Surveillance
Disclaimer: This site contains HIV prevention messages that may not be appropriate for all audiences.